The first four articles in this series on the Canons of Dort (CoD; popularly known as the Five Points of Calvinism) focused on the historical context, and the first three heads of doctrine (unconditional election, limited atonement, and total depravity, respectively).
One of the peculiar privileges granted to the president is the right to pardon a limited number of convicts. You might say that this pardon is achieved in two stages. In the first, the president determines to grant the pardon. At this point forgiveness is sure but not experienced. But when the warden calls the prisoner from his cell, and escorts him through the front gates of the jail, the “chosen” prisoner is truly pardoned. In a similar way elect sinners truly experience divine forgiveness when God’s irresistible grace releases them from the prison of sin and guilt.